Cleland was a U.S. Army captain in Vietnam when he lost an arm and two legs whereas selecting up a fallen grenade in 1968. For years, Cleland blamed himself for dropping the grenade, however he discovered in 1999 that one other soldier had dropped it.
Cleland’s loss within the Senate generated enduring controversy after the Chambliss marketing campaign aired a industrial that displayed photos of Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein and questioned Cleland’s dedication to protection and Homeland Security. Sen. John McCain was amongst those that condemned the transfer by his fellow Republican.
Cleland additionally led the United States Veterans Administration, appointed in 1977 by President Jimmy Carter and holding the submit till 1981. Cleland served within the Georgia Senate from 1971-1975 and was Georgia’s Secretary of State from 1983 till 1996.
“Max Cleland was one of the most remarkable persons I have ever met in my life,” Former Georgia governor and fellow Democrat Roy Barnes said. “His sacrifice and service will long be remembered as best of what it is to be a Georgian and an American. I will miss his laughter and good cheer; his optimism in the face of tragedy and his courage to persevere.”
A local of Lithonia, Cleland suffered grievous accidents on April 8, 1968, close to Khe Sanh, as he reached for the grenade he thought had fallen from his belt when he jumped from a helicopter.
“When my eyes cleared I looked at my right hand. It was gone. Nothing but a splintered white bone protruded from my shredded elbow,” Cleland wrote in his 1980 memoir, “Strong at the Broken Places.”
After fellow troopers made a frantic effort to cease his bleeding and he was helicoptered again to a subject hospital, Cleland wrote that he begged a physician to avoid wasting one among his legs, however there wasn’t sufficient left.
“What poured salt into my wounds was the possible knowledge that it could have been my grenade,” he stated in a 1999 interview.
But later that year, former Marine Cpl. David Lloyd, who stated he was one of many first to achieve Cleland after the explosion, got here ahead to say he handled one other soldier on the scene who was sobbing uncontrollably and saying, “It was my grenade, it was my grenade.”
Before Vietnam, Cleland had been an achieved school swimmer and basketball participant, standing 6-foot-2 and starting to develop an curiosity in politics. Returning house a triple-amputee, Cleland recalled being depressed and nervous about his future, but nonetheless involved in working for office.
“I sat in my mother and daddy’s living room and took stock in my life,” Cleland stated in a 2002 interview. “No job. No hope of a job. No offer of a job. No girlfriend. No apartment. No car. And I said, ‘This is a great time to run for the state Senate.”’
Nevertheless, he received a state Senate seat, changing into a part of a cadre of younger senators that included Barnes, the longer term governor. After a failed 1974 marketing campaign for lieutenant governor and his stint heading the VA, Cleland was elected as Georgia’s Secretary of State in 1982.
A dozen years later, he opted to hunt the seat of retiring Sen. Sam Nunn, however served just one time period. Polls confirmed he had been main in his re-election effort earlier than the devastating Chambliss advert.
“Accusing me of being soft on homeland defense and Osama bin Laden is the most vicious exploitation of a national tragedy and attempt at character assassination I have ever witnessed,” Cleland stated on the time.
Sen. Jon Ossoff, the primary Democrat to carry the seat since Cleland’s defeat, referred to as him “a hero, a patriot, a public servant, and a buddy.”
Cleland additionally voted to authorize President George W. Bush’s plan to go to struggle in Iraq, however later stated he regretted it, changing into a fierce critic of Bush’s Iraq coverage and likening American involvement to Vietnam.
H. Wayne Howell, Cleland’s longtime deputy secretary of state and chief of employees within the Senate, stated Cleland voted to authorize the Iraq struggle solely after demanding adjustments.
“He never asked me to do anything that was not absolutely right,” Howell instructed the AP Tuesday in a cellphone interview, saying service to nation transcended partisanship with Cleland.
“He most likely had extra Republican senator pals up there than he had Democrats,” Howell stated.
Cleland later served as a director of the Export-Import Bank, and was appointed by President Barack Obama to be secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission.
In his memoir, Cleland stated that by means of crises and defeats, “I have learned that it is possible to become strong at the broken places.”